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This page is a snapshot of our Zotero database that has our citations and notes for the project. This page was last updated 7/12/2009.

 


 

  • 2008 National Environmental Scorecard

    Type Web Page
    Date 2009
    URL http://www.lcv.org/scorecard/
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 21:25:01 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 21:25:01 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 21:34:46 2009

    Attachments

    • 2008 National Environmental Scorecard
  • A Comparative Analysis of Community Wind Power Development Options in Oregon

    Type Document
    Author Mark Bolinger
    Author Ryan Wiser
    Author Tom Wind
    Author Dan Juhl
    Author Robert Grace
    Date July 2004
    URL http://egov.oregon.gov/ENERGY/RENEW/Wind/docs/CommunityWindReportLBLforETO.pdf
    Accessed Wed Apr 29 14:56:19 2009
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 14:56:19 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 15:00:20 2009

    Attachments

    • CommunityWindReportLBLforETO.pdf
  • A comparison of offshore wind power development in europe and the U.S.: Patterns and drivers of development

    Type Journal Article
    Author Brian Snyder
    Author Mark J. Kaiser
    Publication Applied Energy
    Volume 86
    Issue 10
    Pages 1845 - 1856
    Date 2009
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.02.013
    ISSN 0306-2619
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V1T-4VX0BNB-1/2/2e60fe7d1a7dc0a1e85d263bedbd5a85
    Date Added Mon Apr 20 14:42:11 2009
    Modified Mon Apr 20 14:42:11 2009

    Tags:

    • energy
    • Marine
  • AECOM: About Us

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.aecom.com/About/36/89/index.html
    Accessed Mon May 18 21:00:29 2009
    Date Added Mon May 18 21:00:29 2009
    Modified Mon May 18 21:00:29 2009
  • AECOM: Environment

    Type Web Page
    Date 2009
    URL http://www.aecom.com/About/54/96/index.html
    Accessed Mon May 18 21:01:18 2009
    Date Added Mon May 18 21:01:18 2009
    Modified Mon May 18 21:01:36 2009
  • American FactFinder

    Type Web Page
    URL http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?
    _lang=en
    Accessed Mon Jun 1 18:00:05 2009
    Date Added Mon Jun 1 18:00:05 2009
    Modified Mon Jun 1 18:00:05 2009
  • American hesitations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: an institutional interpretation

    Type Journal Article
    Author Jean Mercier
    Abstract In 2005, the objectives of the Kyoto Protocol appear somewhat out of reach, even if Russia gave life to the protocol by signing it in 2004. Even if implemented, the protocol entails huge operational problems. Will the United States prove to be the first country to realize the difficulties in implementing Kyoto, or did they refuse to ratify it for reasons that are very particular to their own institutions? This article is an attempt at supporting the latter proposition. In March 2001, the US government announced that it was withdrawing from the Kyoto Protocol on the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) and it has not replaced this participation with a credible program of greenhouse gas reduction. This decision could be analyzed through different angles. In this article, we would like to look at these hesitations through an institutional angle, through the American institutions themselves. Few elements from their institutional and historical past prepare the United States to initiate a vigorous program of GHG reduction, other than through technological innovation or voluntary actions. Even though the institutional concept of path dependency is identified as the concept most helpful in explaining, from an institutional point of view, these hesitations, other institutional explanations are called upon to explain and understand these decisions.
    Publication International Review of Administrative Sciences
    Volume 72
    Issue 1
    Pages 101-121
    Date 2006
    DOI 10.1177/0020852306061629
    URL http://ras.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/72/1/101
    Date Added Tue Apr 28 23:20:56 2009
    Modified Tue Apr 28 23:20:56 2009
  • American policy conflict in the greenhouse: Divergent trends in federal, regional, state, and local green energy and climate change policy

    Type Journal Article
    Author John Byrne
    Author Kristen Hughes
    Author Wilson Rickerson
    Author Lado Kurdgelashvili
    Abstract Climate change threatens significant impacts on global ecosystems and human populations. To address this challenge, industrialized nations have ratified the Kyoto Protocol and undertaken commitments to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, the primary agents linked to anthropogenic alteration of earth's climate. By contrast, the US government, led by the Bush Administration, has rejected mandatory targets for curbing emissions under the Protocol, and has instead pursued voluntary mitigation measures amid a larger push for clean coal and "next generation" nuclear technologies. These actions in total have fueled global perceptions that the US is not acting in substantial ways to address climate change. Nevertheless, action within the US is indeed moving forward, with states, cities and regional partnerships filling the federal leadership vacuum. This paper reviews the diverse policies, strategies, and cooperative frameworks that have emerged at regional, state and local levels to guide climate protection, and identifies the environmental and economic benefits linked to such programs. The paper also attempts to explain the existing federal impasse on climate policy, with attention given to how sub-national efforts may ultimately obviate national governmental inaction.
    Publication Energy Policy
    Volume 35
    Issue 9
    Pages 4555-4573
    Date September 2007
    DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2007.02.028
    ISSN 0301-4215
    Short Title American policy conflict in the greenhouse
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V2W-4NRVV0Y-1/2/2f045ec75bd358dc1a61ed800e21ad73
    Accessed Sat May 16 15:14:44 2009
    Repository ScienceDirect
    Date Added Sat May 16 15:14:44 2009
    Modified Sat May 16 15:14:44 2009

    Tags:

    • Climate change
    • Sustainable energy
    • U.S. energy policy

    Attachments

    • ScienceDirect Snapshot
  • Bush administration pumps up alternative fuels mandate

    Type Newspaper Article
    Author David Shepardson
    Publication The Detroit News
    Edition Online
    Date 2007 April 11
    Section Autos
    URL http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?
    AID=/20070411/AUTO01/704110358/1148
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 13:28:54 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 13:28:54 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 13:30:26 2009

    Attachments

    • Bush administration pumps up alternative fuels mandate | detnews.com | The Detroit News
  • California State Energy Profile

    Type Web Page
    Website Title Energy Information Administration
    Website Type Department of Energy
    Date April 23, 2009
    URL http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/state/state_energy_profiles.cfm?
    sid=CA
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 14:12:49 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 14:15:36 2009
  • California's Zero Emission Vehicle Mandate - Linking Clean Fuel Cars, Carsharing, and Station Car Strategies

    Type Journal Article
    Author Susan Shaheen
    Author Jon Wright
    Author Daniel Sperling
    Abstract To reduce transportation emissions and energy consumption, policymakers typically employ one of two approaches – changing technology or changing behavior. These strategies include demand management tools, such as ridesharing and vehicle control technologies – cleaner fuels and fuel economy. Despite the benefits of a combined policy approach, these strategies are normally employed separately. Nevertheless, they have been linked occasionally, for instance in the electric station car programs of the 1990s. Station cars are vehicles used by transit riders at the start or end of a trip. In 1990, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) focused on reducing mobile air pollution by mandating that automakers introduce clean vehicles through its Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandate. In 1998, significant flexibility was introduced through Partial ZEV credits for very low emission vehicles. In 2000, CARB left the ZEV Mandate intact, but began considering new approaches, including station cars and carsharing. Carsharing is the short-term use of a shared-use vehicle fleet. In January 2001, recognizing the potential for station cars and Carsharing to further improve air quality by reducing vehicle miles traveled – particularly with transit linkages – CARB proposed additional ZEV credits for vehicles in such programs. Thus, the mandate would formally link demand management and clean vehicles. This paper explores carsharing and station car developments, lessons learned, the ZEV mandate, and the proposed credit structure. Finally, the authors conclude with policy and research recommendations for enhancing the success and impact of this combined approach.
    Publication Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis
    Pages 28
    Date 2001 January 1
    URL http://repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?
    article=1026&context=itsdavis
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 13:24:02 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 13:24:02 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 13:28:50 2009

    Attachments

    • viewcontent.cgi
  • CIA - The World Factbook

    Type Web Page
    URL https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
    Accessed Mon Jun 1 18:04:07 2009
    Date Added Mon Jun 1 18:04:07 2009
    Modified Mon Jun 1 18:04:07 2009
  • CLIMATE: Enhanced: A Madisonian Approach to Climate Policy

    Type Journal Article
    Author David G Victor
    Author Joshua C House
    Author Sarah Joy
    Publication Science
    Volume 309
    Issue 5742
    Pages 1820-1821
    Date 2005
    DOI 10.1126/science.1113180
    URL http://www.sciencemag.org
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 11:37:06 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 11:37:20 2009
  • Clean Energy States Alliance

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.cleanenergystates.org/
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 21:25:47 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 21:25:47 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 21:25:47 2009

    Attachments

    • Clean Energy States Alliance
  • Cleaner energy for sustainable future

    Type Journal Article
    Author Vincenzo Giorgio Dov�
    Author Ferenc Friedler
    Author Donald Huisingh
    Author Jir� Jarom�r Klemes
    Publication Journal of Cleaner Production
    Volume 17
    Issue 10
    Pages 889 - 895
    Date 2009
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.02.001
    ISSN 0959-6526
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VFX-4VVGGSW-1/2/76671a928530b604dc39224720b1db2b
    Extra Early-Stage Energy Technologies for Sustainable Future: Assessment, Development, Application
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 14:28:08 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 14:28:08 2009

    Tags:

    • HYDROGEN
    • Microbial
    • of
    • production
  • Climate Change, Global Warming, and the Built Environment - The 2030 Challenge

    Type Web Page
    Author Ed Mazria
    Website Title Architecture 2030
    Date April 30, 2009
    URL http://www.architecture2030.org/2030_challenge/index.html
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 13:51:12 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 13:51:12 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 13:54:45 2009

    Attachments

    • Climate Change, Global Warming, and the Built Environment - The 2030 Challenge
  • Climate change and environmental planning: Working to build community resilience and adaptive capacity in Washington State, USA

    Type Journal Article
    Author Casilda Saavedra
    Author William W. Budd
    Publication Habitat International
    Volume 33
    Issue 3
    Pages 246 - 252
    Date 2009
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2008.10.004
    ISSN 0197-3975
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V9H-4TXDX9W-1/2/0ca573925f14d298b6b76fc26f3a8150
    Extra Climate Change and Human Settlements
    Date Added Mon Apr 20 14:42:24 2009
    Modified Mon Apr 20 14:42:24 2009

    Tags:

    • Planning
  • COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION: THE VIABILITY OF AB 117 AND ITS ROLE IN CALIFORNIA’S ENERGY MARKETS

    Type Report
    Author Garance Burke
    Author Chris Finn
    Author Andrea Murphy
    Report Type An analysis for the California Public Utilities Commission
    Institution The Goldman School of Public Policy University of California, Berkeley
    Date 2005 June 13
    URL http://www.local.org/goldman.pdf
    Accessed Mon Apr 20 15:11:03 2009
    Date Added Mon Apr 20 15:11:03 2009
    Modified Mon Apr 20 15:15:21 2009

    Attachments

    • goldman.pdf
  • Colleges Go to 4-Day Week to Save Energy

    Type Newspaper Article
    Author Holly Wolcott
    Abstract In an attempt to save money and electricity during the ongoing state energy crisis, most employees of the Ventura County Community College District will work four-day weeks this summer.
    Publication Los Angeles Times
    Date May 09, 2001
    URL http://articles.latimes.com/2001/may/09/local/me-61338
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 14:05:21 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 14:06:59 2009

    Tags:

    • Aaron

    Notes:

    • Tells the story of how community colleges in California went to 4-day work weeks to avoid high energy costs.

  • Community Choice

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.communitychoice.info/
    Accessed Sat May 16 15:10:23 2009
    Date Added Sat May 16 15:10:23 2009
    Modified Sat May 16 15:10:23 2009

    Attachments

    • Community Choice
  • Community Wind Power Ownership Schemes in Europe and their Relevance to the United States

    Type Document
    Author Mark Bolinger
    Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    Date April 29, 2009
    URL http://www.osti.gov/energycitations/servlets/purl/827946-fmUZml/native/827946.pdf
    Accessed Wed Apr 29 15:04:07 2009
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 15:04:07 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 13:54:56 2009

    Attachments

    • 827946.pdf
  • Decentralization in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and Lessons for Global Policy

    Type Journal Article
    Author Joseph Kruger
    Author Wallace E Oates
    Author William A Pizer
    Abstract In 2005, the European Union introduced the largest and most ambitious emissions trading program in the world to meet its Kyoto commitments for the containment of global climate change. The EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) has some distinctive features that differentiate it from the more standard model of emissions trading. In particular, it has a relatively decentralized structure that gives individual member states responsibility for setting targets, allocating permits, determining verification and enforcement, and making some choices about flexibility. It is also a "cap-within-a-cap," seeking to achieve the Kyoto targets while only covering about half of the EU emissions. Finally, it is a program that many hope will link with other greenhouse gas (GHG) trading programs in the future–something we have not seen among existing trading systems. Examining these features, coupled with recent EU ETS experience, offers lessons about how cost effectiveness, equity, flexibility, and compliance fare in a multi-jurisdictional trading program, and highlights the challenges facing a global emissions trading regime.
    Publication Rev Environ Econ Policy
    Volume 1
    Issue 1
    Pages 112-133
    Date 2007
    DOI 10.1093/reep/rem009
    URL http://reep.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/1/1/112
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 12:31:06 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 12:31:06 2009
  • Demand Response and Electricity Market Efficiency

    Type Journal Article
    Author Kathleen Spees
    Author Lester B. Lave
    Abstract Customer response is a neglected way of solving electricity industry problems. Historically, providers have focused on supply, assuming that consumers are unwilling or unable to modify their consumption. Contrary to these expectations, customers respond to higher prices that they expect to continue by purchasing more efficient appliances and taking other efficiency measures, a review of published studies indicates.
    Publication The Electricity Journal
    Volume 20
    Issue 3
    Pages 69-85
    Date April 2007
    DOI 10.1016/j.tej.2007.01.006
    ISSN 1040-6190
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VSS-4N97BNM-2/2/f61b19152f28e4a7a9f1fd446a941acc
    Accessed Sat May 16 15:11:26 2009
    Repository ScienceDirect
    Date Added Sat May 16 15:11:26 2009
    Modified Sat May 16 15:11:26 2009

    Attachments

    • ScienceDirect Snapshot
  • Does a regional greenhouse gas policy make sense? A case study of carbon leakage and emissions spillover

    Type Journal Article
    Author Yihsu Chen
    Abstract The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is a state-level effort by ten northeast states in the U.S. to control CO2 emissions from the electric sector. The approach adopted by RGGI is a regional cap-and-trade program, which sets a maximal annual amount of regional CO2 emissions that can be emitted from the electric sector. However, incoherence of the geographic scope of the regional electricity market is expected to produce two undesirable consequences: CO2 leakage and NOx and SO2 emissions spillover. This paper addresses these two issues using transmission-constrained electricity market models. The results show that although larger CO2 leakage is associated with higher allowance prices, it is negatively related to CO2 prices if measured in percentage terms. On the other hand, SO2 and NOx emissions spillover increase in commensurate with CO2 allowance prices. Demand elasticity attenuates the effect of emissions trading on leakage and emissions spillover. This highlights the difficulties of designing a regional or local climate policy.
    Publication Energy Economics
    Volume In Press, Corrected Proof
    Pages -
    Date 2009
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2009.02.003
    ISSN 0140-9883
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V7G-4VNK69D-1/2/162166fc5e30649b88f9fd3afee1a6b7
    Date Added Mon Apr 20 15:03:51 2009
    Modified Mon Apr 20 15:03:51 2009

    Tags:

    • CO2
    • leakage
  • DSIRE: DSIRE Home

    Type Web Page
    Date 2009
    URL http://www.dsireusa.org/
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 21:34:04 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 21:34:04 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 21:34:12 2009

    Attachments

    • DSIRE: DSIRE Home
  • Economics of grid-connected small wind turbines in the domestic market

    Type Document
    Author TL Forsyth
    Publisher NREL
    Date 2000
    URL http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy00osti/26975.pdf
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 01:09:55 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 01:11:03 2009
  • Effects of monetary rebates, feedback, and information on residential electricity conservation

    Type Journal Article
    Author Richard A. Winett
    Author John H. Kagel
    Author Raymond C. Battalio
    Author Robin C. Winkler
    Abstract In this study, conducted during the summer months in Texas, 129 volunteer participant households were assigned to one of five experimental conditions: a high monetary rebate condition in which participants received conservation information, weekly written feedback on their electricity use, and monetary rebates amounting to a 240% price change in electricity; a low monetary rebate condition with the same structure as the high rebates except payments amounted to a 50% price change; a weekly feedback condition in which participants also received information but no rebates; an information condition; and a control condition. The dependent measure was percentage reduction in electricity use based on actual weekly meter readings by the research staff. Only the high rebate condition significantly curtailed electricity use by about 12% over the course of the study. Elasticity estimates suggested limited responsiveness in electricity consumption to price changes. Questionnaire data showed a pattern in which actual reduction in electricity was associated with planning a conservation program, attending to feedback, and modifying air conditioning use.
    Publication Journal of Applied Psychology
    Volume 63
    Issue 1
    Pages 73-80
    Date 1978,
    URL http://ucelinks.cdlib.org:8888/sfx_local?
    sid=google&auinit=RA&…
    Accessed Wed Apr 29 15:24:10 2009
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 15:24:10 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 15:27:37 2009

    Attachments

    • UC-eLinks - Effects of monetary rebates, feedback, and information on residential electricity conservation
  • Energy and CO2 life-cycle analyses of wind turbines–review and applications

    Type Journal Article
    Author Manfred Lenzen
    Author Jesper Munksgaard
    Publication Renewable Energy
    Volume 26
    Issue 3
    Pages 339 - 362
    Date 2002
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/S0960-1481(01)00145-8
    ISSN 0960-1481
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V4S-45460WR-2/2/3946969988fe59f289fadc3011ead798
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 01:20:44 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 01:20:44 2009

    Tags:

    • assessment
    • Life-cycle
  • Energy and emergy based cost-benefit evaluation of building envelopes relative to geographical location and climate

    Type Journal Article
    Author Riccardo Maria Pulselli
    Author Eugenio Simoncini
    Author Nadia Marchettini
    Publication Building and Environment
    Volume 44
    Issue 5
    Pages 920 - 928
    Date 2009
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.06.009
    ISSN 0360-1323
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V23-4T4Y5S7-5/2/ed89f3e758b886b1c4871b83553f297d
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 09:57:42 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 09:57:42 2009

    Tags:

    • analysis
    • Thermal
  • Energy policy and climate change

    Type Journal Article
    Author Philippe Jean-Baptiste
    Author Ren� Ducroux
    Publication Energy Policy
    Volume 31
    Issue 2
    Pages 155 - 166
    Date 2003
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/S0301-4215(02)00020-4
    ISSN 0301-4215
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V2W-455VKYH-2/2/85e78ff1a9e50533575feabb5d0ca6b2
    Date Added Sun May 10 15:49:52 2009
    Modified Sun May 10 15:49:52 2009

    Tags:

    • energy
    • mix
  • Energy Related Environmental Policies in Turkey - Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a903064069~tab=citation
    Accessed Tue Apr 28 11:59:36 2009
    Date Added Tue Apr 28 11:59:36 2009
    Modified Tue Apr 28 11:59:36 2009

    Attachments

    • Energy Related Environmental Policies in Turkey - Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy
  • EPRI Ocean Energy Program

    Type Attachment
    Accessed Fri May 29 01:17:20 2009
    URL http://oceanenergy.epri.com/attachments/ocean/briefing/IEABriefingRB111705.pdf
    Date Added Fri May 29 01:17:20 2009
    Modified Fri May 29 01:18:32 2009
  • Explaining learning curves for wind power

    Type Journal Article
    Author Karin Ibenholt
    Publication Energy Policy
    Volume 30
    Issue 13
    Pages 1181 - 1189
    Date 2002
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/S0301-4215(02)00014-9
    ISSN 0301-4215
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V2W-451S8VR-3/2/91261ba401af44d7cfbec858bc781c68
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 01:13:40 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 01:13:40 2009

    Tags:

    • energy
    • policy
  • Factor four: Doubling Wealth, Halving Resouce Use

    Type Book
    Author Ernst Ulrich Weizsäcker
    Author Amory B. Lovins
    Author L. Hunter Lovins
    Author Club of Rome
    Publisher Earthscan
    Date 1998
    # of Pages 224
    URL http://books.google.com/books?
    id=HeMRBn-N7lEC&…
    Accessed Mon May 18 20:17:25 2009
    Date Added Mon May 18 20:17:25 2009
    Modified Mon May 18 20:19:44 2009
  • Fostering a renewable energy technology industry: An international comparison of wind industry policy support mechanisms

    Type Journal Article
    Author Joanna I. Lewis
    Author Ryan H. Wiser
    Abstract This article examines the importance of national and sub-national policies in supporting the development of successful global wind turbine manufacturing companies. We explore the motivations behind establishing a local wind power industry, and the paths that different countries have taken to develop indigenous large wind turbine manufacturing industries within their borders. This is done through a cross-country comparison of the policy support mechanisms that have been employed to directly and indirectly promote wind technology manufacturing in 12 countries. We find that in many instances there is a clear relationship between a manufacturer's success in its home country market and its eventual success in the global wind power market. Whether new wind turbine manufacturing entrants are able to succeed will likely depend in part on the utilization of their turbines in their own domestic market, which in turn will be influenced by the annual size and stability of that market. Consequently, policies that support a sizable, stable market for wind power, in conjunction with policies that specifically provide incentives for wind power technology to be manufactured locally, are most likely to result in the establishment of an internationally competitive wind industry.
    Publication Energy Policy
    Volume 35
    Issue 3
    Pages 1844-1857
    Date March 2007
    DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2006.06.005
    ISSN 0301-4215
    Short Title Fostering a renewable energy technology industry
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V2W-4KJ7541-1/2/4ebbd16928e5688b5a504a610fd8ad35
    Accessed Sat May 16 15:08:00 2009
    Repository ScienceDirect
    Date Added Sat May 16 15:08:00 2009
    Modified Sat May 16 15:08:00 2009

    Tags:

    • Industrial policy
    • Renewable energy policy
    • Wind power technology transfer

    Attachments

    • ScienceDirect Snapshot
  • GasBuddy.com - Find Low Gas Prices in the USA and Canada

    Type Web Page
    URL http://gasbuddy.com/
    Accessed Mon Jun 1 18:07:08 2009
    Date Added Mon Jun 1 18:07:08 2009
    Modified Mon Jun 1 18:07:08 2009
  • Greenhouse gas emissions along the rural-urban gradient

    Type Journal Article
    Author C Andrews
    Publication Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
    Volume 51
    Issue 6
    Pages 847-870
    Date 2008 November
    URL http://www.informaworld.com/10.1080/09640560802423780
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 13:46:23 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 13:46:23 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 13:47:49 2009

    Attachments

    • Greenhouse gas emissions along the rural-urban gradient - Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
  • Greenhouse gas emissions reduction by use of wind and solar energies for hydrogen and electricity production: Economic factors

    Type Journal Article
    Author Mikhail Granovskii
    Author Ibrahim Dincer
    Author Marc A. Rosen
    Abstract This study addresses economic aspects of introducing renewable technologies in place of fossil fuel ones to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike for traditional fossil fuel technologies, greenhouse gas emissions from renewable technologies are associated mainly with plant construction and the magnitudes are significantly lower. The prospects are shown to be good for producing the environmentally clean fuel hydrogen via water electrolysis driven by renewable energy sources. Nonetheless, the cost of wind- and solar-based electricity is still higher than that of electricity generated in a natural gas power plant. With present costs of wind and solar electricity, it is shown that, when electricity from renewable sources replaces electricity from natural gas, the cost of greenhouse gas emissions abatement is about four times less than if hydrogen from renewable sources replaces hydrogen produced from natural gas. When renewable-based hydrogen is used in a fuel cell vehicle instead of gasoline in a IC engine vehicle, the cost of greenhouse gas emissions reduction approaches the same value as for renewable-based electricity only if the fuel cell vehicle efficiency exceeds significantly (i.e., by about two times) that of an internal combustion vehicle. It is also shown that when 6000 wind turbines (Kenetech KVS-33) with a capacity of 350�kW and a capacity factor of 24% replace a 500-MW gas-fired power plant with an efficiency of 40%, annual greenhouse gas emissions are reduced by 2.3 megatons. The incremental additional annual cost is about $280 million (US). The results provide a useful approach to an optimal strategy for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation.
    Publication International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
    Volume 32
    Issue 8
    Pages 927 - 931
    Date 2007
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.09.029
    ISSN 0360-3199
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V3F-4MBT1P5-1/2/5a5f5da099308bb31f05d703ffa03876
    Date Added Mon Apr 20 14:14:43 2009
    Modified Mon Apr 20 14:14:43 2009

    Tags:

    • assessment
    • cycle
    • Life
  • Hydrokinetic energy conversion systems and assessment of horizontal and vertical axis turbines for river and tidal applications: A technology status review

    Type Journal Article
    Author M.J. Khan
    Author G. Bhuyan
    Author M.T. Iqbal
    Author J.E. Quaicoe
    Abstract The energy in flowing river streams, tidal currents or other artificial water channels is being considered as viable source of renewable power. Hydrokinetic conversion systems, albeit mostly at its early stage of development, may appear suitable in harnessing energy from such renewable resources. A number of resource quantization and demonstrations have been conducted throughout the world and it is believed that both in-land water resources and offshore ocean energy sector will benefit from this technology. In this paper, starting with a set of basic definitions pertaining to this technology, a review of the existing and upcoming conversion schemes, and their fields of applications are outlined. Based on a comprehensive survey of various hydrokinetic systems reported to date, general trends in system design, duct augmentation, and placement methods are deduced. A detailed assessment of various turbine systems (horizontal and vertical axis), along with their classification and qualitative comparison, is presented. In addition, the progression of technological advancements tracing several decades of R&D efforts are highlighted.
    Publication Applied Energy
    Volume 86
    Issue 10
    Pages 1823-1835
    Date October 2009
    DOI 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.02.017
    ISSN 0306-2619
    Short Title Hydrokinetic energy conversion systems and assessment of horizontal and vertical axis turbines for river and tidal applications
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V1T-4VYW6FV-2/2/1f8fb46959079fd5e202a8268dd37ebf
    Accessed Thu May 14 11:59:11 2009
    Repository ScienceDirect
    Date Added Thu May 14 11:59:11 2009
    Modified Thu May 14 11:59:11 2009

    Tags:

    • Duct augmentation
    • Hydrokinetic technology
    • Renewable energy
    • River stream
    • Tidal current

    Attachments

    • ScienceDirect Snapshot
  • ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability : our members

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.iclei.org/index.php?
    id=772
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 21:28:00 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 21:28:00 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 21:28:00 2009

    Attachments

    • ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability : our members
  • Instrument Choice in Environmental Policy

    Type Journal Article
    Author Lawrence H Goulder
    Author Ian W. H Parry
    Abstract The choice of pollution control instrument is a crucial environmental policy decision. We examine the extent to which various environmental policy instruments meet major evaluation criteria, including cost-effectiveness, distributional equity, the ability to address uncertainties, and political feasibility. Instruments considered include emissions taxes, tradable emissions allowances, subsidies for emissions reductions, performance standards, mandates for the adoption of specific technologies, and subsidies for research toward new, "clean" technologies. We consider policies that address pollution externalities and policies that deal with market failures associated with efforts to invent or deploy new technologies. Several themes emerge. First, no single instrument is clearly superior along all the dimensions relevant to policy choice; even the ranking along a single dimension often depends on the circumstances involved. Second, significant trade-offs arise in the choice of instrument: for example, assuring a reasonable degree of distributional equity will often require a sacrifice of cost-effectiveness. Third, it is sometimes desirable to design hybrid instruments that combine features of various "pure" instruments. Fourth, for many pollution problems, more than one market failure may be involved, which may justify (on efficiency grounds, at least) employing more than one instrument. Finally, potential interactions among environmental policy instruments and among regulatory jurisdictions need to be carefully considered.
    Publication Rev Environ Econ Policy
    Volume 2
    Issue 2
    Pages 152-174
    Date 2008
    DOI 10.1093/reep/ren005
    URL http://reep.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/2/2/152
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 12:08:19 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 12:08:19 2009
  • Integrated photovoltaic maximum power point tracking converter

    Type Journal Article
    Author J. H.R Enslin
    Author M. S Wolf
    Author D. B Snyman
    Author W. Swiegers
    Publication Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on
    Volume 44
    Issue 6
    Pages 769-773
    Date December 1997
    DOI 10.1109/41.649937
    ISSN 0278-0046
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 01:03:36 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 01:03:36 2009

    Tags:

    • battery voltage regulation
    • conversion efficiency
    • DC-AC power convertors
    • invertors
    • load matching
    • maximum power point tracking converter
    • optimal control
    • photovoltaic power systems
    • power system control
    • PV panels
    • PV power systems
    • soft-switched topology
    • solar cell arrays
    • switching circuits
    • voltage control optimisation
    • voltage controlMPPT power convertor
  • LEVELS OF GREEN: STATE AND REGIONAL EFFORTS, IN WYOMING AND BEYOND, TO REDUCE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS

    Type Journal Article
    Author Joshua Fershee
    Publication Wyoming Law Review
    Volume 7
    Issue 2
    Pages 269-294
    Date 2007
    URL http://ucelinks.cdlib.org:8888/sfx_local?
    sid=CSA:envclust-set-c&…
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 12:12:15 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 12:12:15 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 12:14:04 2009

    Attachments

    • UC-eLinks - Levels of Green: State and regional efforts, in Wyoming and beyond, to reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions
  • Mainstreaming sustainable development into a city's Master plan: A case of Urban Underground Space use

    Type Journal Article
    Author Nikolai Bobylev
    Publication Land Use Policy
    Volume 26
    Issue 4
    Pages 1128 - 1137
    Date 2009
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.02.003
    ISSN 0264-8377
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VB0-4VS9M15-1/2/9ff788371b388dfe5510ad851cdda487
    Date Added Mon Apr 20 14:42:16 2009
    Modified Mon Apr 20 14:42:16 2009

    Tags:

    • Land
    • Planning
    • Use
  • MITIGATING GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE UNITED STATES: A REGIONAL APPROACH

    Type Journal Article
    Author Kirsten Engel
    Publication New York University Environmental Law Journal
    Volume 14
    Issue 54
    Pages 1-21
    Date 2006 02 01
    URL http://www1.law.nyu.edu/journals/envtllaw/issues/vol14/1/v14_n1_engel.pdf
    Accessed Wed Apr 29 12:27:16 2009
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 12:27:16 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 12:29:17 2009

    Attachments

    • v14_n1_engel.pdf
  • Mitigating Global Climate Change in the United States: A Regional Approach

    Type Journal Article
    Author Kristen Engel
    Abstract In this essay, Professor Kirsten Engel discusses the potential for cooperative regional efforts to counteract the federal government's failure to address global climate change. Such regional cooperation is occurring primarily among states that are addressing climate change, itself something of an anomaly given standard economic theory. While encouraged by the regulatory activity, Professor Engel argues that, due to the relatively small amount of greenhouse gases reduced through such measures, the true significance of state and local action on climate change is its potential for triggering potentially larger greenhouse gas emissions cuts at the federal or regional level. Professor Engel discusses some of the reasons for the regional cooperation that is occurring as well as the unanswered empirical questions concerning the scope of the environmental benefits resulting from regional cooperation. Recognizing that, absent congressional ratification, cooperative ventures between states are not favored under our federal structure of government, Professor Engel examines the possible conflicts between this emerging regional trend and various constitutional doctrines. Professor Engel concludes that strict adherence to these doctrines will hinder the full potential of regional interstate arrangements to address climate change.
    Publication New York University Environmental Law Journal
    Volume 14
    Issue 54
    Pages 1-21
    Date 2005
    URL http://www1.law.nyu.edu/journals/envtllaw/issues/vol14/1/v14_n1_engel.pdf
    Accessed Mon May 18 13:59:48 2009
    Date Added Mon May 18 13:59:48 2009
    Modified Mon May 18 14:02:35 2009
  • NRDC’s summary of the Waxman-Markey bill « Climate and energy

    Type Blog Post
    Author David Doniger
    Blog Title NRDC's Switchboard Blog
    Date 2009 March 01
    URL http://blog.climateandenergy.org/2009/04/09/nrdcs-summary-of-the-waxman-markey-bill/
    Accessed Wed Apr 29 13:06:25 2009
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 13:06:25 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 13:08:04 2009

    Attachments

    • NRDC’s summary of the Waxman-Markey bill « Climate and energy
  • NREL: Dynamic Maps, GIS Data, and Analysis Tools - Maps

    Type Web Page
    Author NREL
    URL http://www.nrel.gov/gis/maps.html
    Accessed Fri May 29 01:12:34 2009
    Date Added Fri May 29 01:12:34 2009
    Modified Fri May 29 01:20:15 2009

    Attachments

    • NREL: Dynamic Maps, GIS Data, and Analysis Tools - Maps
  • Ocean Wave Energy

    Type Video Recording
    Contributor Google
    Abstract Google Tech Talks November 8, 2006 ABSTRACT The World Energy Council has estimated the 'useful' global ocean wave energy resource as 2TW (17,500TWh/year). From this it has been estimated (Thorpe 1999) that the practical economic contribution from wave energy converters could be 2,000TWh/year (similar to current installed nuclear or hydroelectric generation capacity). Such generating capacity could result in up to 2 billion tonnes of CO2 emissions being displaced from fossil fuel generation per year - similar to current emissions from electricity generation in the US. Formed in 1998, based in Edinburgh, Scotland, Ocean Power Delivery Ltd has developed the 'Pelamis' wave energy converter...
    Date 2007-07-23
    Running Time 3591 seconds
    URL http://www.youtube.com/watch?
    v=ovw-pHqyP7E
    Accessed Fri May 29 00:27:53 2009
    Repository YouTube
    Date Added Fri May 29 00:27:53 2009
    Modified Fri May 29 00:27:53 2009

    Tags:

    • energy
    • google
    • howto
    • ocean
    • wave

    Notes:

    • This video showcases a commercial entity showing off research on wave energy. There are multiple data sources shown for commercial GIS data. Machine concept shows the process and the logic for where these are deployed. NOAA is a wave data source. Use wave period and wave height (at 43:00).

    Attachments

    • YouTube Link
  • Peak Shaving through Resource Buffering

    Type Book Section
    Author Amotz Bar-Noy
    Author Matthew Johnson
    Author Ou Liu
    Abstract We introduce and solve a new problem inspired by energy pricing schemes in which a client is billed for peak usage. At each timeslot the system meets an energy demand through a combination of a new request, an unreliable amount of free source energy (e.g. solar or wind power), and previously received energy. The added piece of infrastructure is the battery, which can store surplus energy for future use. More generally, the demands could represent required amounts of energy, water, or any other tenable resource which can be obtained in advance and held until needed. In a feasible solution, each demand must be supplied on time, through a combination of newly requested energy, energy withdrawn from the battery, and free source. The goal is to minimize the maximum request. In the online version of this problem, the algorithm must determine each request without knowledge of future demands or free source availability, with the goal of maximizing the amount by which the peak is reduced. We give efficient optimal algorithms for the offline problem, with and without a bounded battery. We also show how to find the optimal offline battery size, given the requirement that the final battery level equals the initial battery level. Finally, we give efficient H n -competitive algorithms assuming the peak effective demand is revealed in advance, and provide matching lower bounds.
    Book Title Approximation and Online Algorithms
    Series Lecture Notes in Computer Science
    Volume Volume 5426/2009
    Publisher Springer Berlin / Heidelberg
    Pages 147-159
    ISBN 978-3-540-93979-5
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 14:32:44 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 14:36:04 2009
  • Promoting Public Transport Using Marketing Techniques in Mobility Management and Verifying their Quantitative Effects

    Type Journal Article
    Author Ayako Taniguchi
    Author Satoshi Fujii
    Abstract Abstract Mobility management (MM) is a transportation management policy that uses “soft” measures to attempt to reduce car use and promote sustainable transportation modes such as public transport, bicycles, and walking. Using communication and other means, MM induces voluntarily change towards more sustainable transportation modes. We implemented MM marketing to promote an experimental community bus service. This project had two components: a questionnaire conducted in the service area and a monthly newsletter. The questionnaire was more than a survey; it also communicated information about the bus and helped promote bus use. One month after the survey, we implemented a follow-up survey targeting the initial survey respondents. Results suggest that the MM program produced a general increase in bus use, as well as mouth-to-mouth advertising, that helped promote bus use.
    Publication Transportation
    Volume 34
    Issue 1
    Pages 37-49
    Date January 01, 2007
    DOI 10.1007/s11116-006-0003-7
    URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11116-006-0003-7
    Accessed Sat May 16 15:09:13 2009
    Repository SpringerLink
    Date Added Sat May 16 15:09:13 2009
    Modified Sat May 16 15:09:13 2009

    Attachments

    • SpringerLink Snapshot
  • Reducing U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions:How Much at What Cost

    Type Report
    Author Jon Creyts
    Author Anton Derkach
    Author Scott Nyquist
    Author Ken Ostrowski
    Author Jack Stephenson
    Report Type Executive Report
    Series Title U.S. Greenhouse Gas Abatement Mapping Initiative
    Institution McKinsey & Company
    Date December 2007
    URL http://www.mckinsey.com/clientservice/ccsi/pdf/US_ghg_final_report.pdf
    Accessed Wed Apr 29 14:22:10 2009
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 14:22:10 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 14:25:30 2009

    Attachments

    • US_ghg_final_report.pdf
  • Relationship of bispectral index to hemodynamic variables and alveolar concentration multiples of sevoflurane in puppies

    Type Journal Article
    Author J. Morgaz
    Author M.M. Granados
    Author J.M. Dominguez
    Author R. Navarrete
    Author A. Gal�n
    Author J.A. Fern�ndez
    Author R.J. G�mez-Villamandos
    Publication Research in Veterinary Science
    Volume 86
    Issue 3
    Pages 508 - 513
    Date 2009
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2008.09.005
    ISSN 0034-5288
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WWR-4TTNCGM-1/2/f040873ad0a025a1024e7b6dd2f06478
    Date Added Thu May 14 12:11:16 2009
    Modified Thu May 14 12:11:30 2009

    Tags:

    • Somatic
    • stimuli
  • Renewable energy sources: Their global potential for the first-half of the 21st century at a global level: An integrated approach

    Type Journal Article
    Author Bert J.M. de Vries
    Author Detlef P. van Vuuren
    Author Monique M. Hoogwijk
    Abstract The risk of human-induced climate change and the volatility of world oil markets make non-fossil fuel options important. This paper investigates the potential for wind, solar-PV and biomass (WSB) to deliver energy. The focus is on land opportunities and constraints and on production costs as a function of resource availability and depletion and of innovation dynamics. The context is provided by the IPCC SRES scenarios as simulated with the IMAGE 2.2 model. We explicitly consider several sources of uncertainty, aspects of the food vs. energy trade-off and the effects of interaction between the three options through their claims on land. We show that [`]potential production' concepts are strongly dependent on the chosen land-use scenario--and should therefore be used with an indication of the underlying assumptions. Our results indicate a potential for liquid biofuels in the order of 75-300 EJ year-1 and for electricity from WSB options at production costs below 10 ¢ kWh-1 of 200-300 PWh year-1. Theoretically, future electricity demand can be amply met from WSB sources in most regions by 2050 below 10 ¢ kWh-1, but major uncertainties are the degree to which land is actually available and the rate and extent at which specific investment costs can be reduced. In some regions, competition for land among the three WSB options may significantly reduce the total potential as estimated from simple addition--which is another source of uncertainty.
    Publication Energy Policy
    Volume 35
    Issue 4
    Pages 2590-2610
    Date April 2007
    DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2006.09.002
    ISSN 0301-4215
    Short Title Renewable energy sources
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V2W-4MBT2B3-1/2/cfe03e01ae4d93635df627469db97dc8
    Accessed Sat May 16 15:05:39 2009
    Repository ScienceDirect
    Date Added Sat May 16 15:05:39 2009
    Modified Sat May 16 15:05:39 2009

    Tags:

    • Economic potential
    • Renewable energy
    • Scenario analysis
    • Techno-economic potential

    Attachments

    • ScienceDirect Snapshot
  • Renewable energy strategies for sustainable development

    Type Journal Article
    Author Henrik Lund
    Abstract This paper discusses the perspective of renewable energy (wind, solar, wave and biomass) in the making of strategies for a sustainable development. Such strategies typically involve three major technological changes: energy savings on the demand side, efficiency improvements in the energy production, and replacement of fossil fuels by various sources of renewable energy. Consequently, large-scale renewable energy implementation plans must include strategies for integrating renewable sources in coherent energy systems influenced by energy savings and efficiency measures. Based on the case of Denmark, this paper discusses the problems and perspectives of converting present energy systems into a 100% renewable energy system. The conclusion is that such development is possible. The necessary renewable energy sources are present, and if further technological improvements of the energy system are achieved the renewable energy system can be created. Especially technologies of converting the transportation sector and the introduction of flexible energy system technologies are crucial.
    Publication Energy
    Volume 32
    Issue 6
    Pages 912-919
    Date June 2007
    DOI 10.1016/j.energy.2006.10.017
    ISSN 0360-5442
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V2S-4MKTXPP-1/2/f226739983736bc7a6d06422682e5f41
    Accessed Sat May 16 15:08:27 2009
    Repository ScienceDirect
    Date Added Sat May 16 15:08:27 2009
    Modified Sat May 16 15:08:27 2009

    Tags:

    • Energy systems
    • Flexible energy systems
    • Renewable energy

    Attachments

    • ScienceDirect Snapshot
  • ScienceDirect Snapshot

    Type Attachment
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 12:33:54 2009
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?
    _ob=ArticleURL&…
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 12:33:54 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 12:33:54 2009
  • Socioeconomic and political determinants of state spending on environmental programs

    Type Journal Article
    Author Donald Agthe
    Author Bruce Billings
    Abstract Examines the impact of socioeconomic and political variables on the demand for per capita expenditures on environmental programs. Factors that influence financial commitment to state environmental programs; Utilization of two equation model to estimate demand for spending per capita; Lack of interrelationship between quantity demanded and program quality equations.
    Publication American Economist
    Date spring 1996
    URL http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?
    direct=true&db=bth&…
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 12:43:41 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 12:43:41 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 13:19:50 2009

    Attachments

    • EBSCOhost: Socioeconomic and political determinants of state spending on environmental...
  • Solar Photovoltaic Financing Deployment on Public Property by State and Local Governments

    Type Document
    Author Karlynn Cory
    Author Jason Coughlin
    Author Charles Coggeshall
    Abstract State and local governments have grown increasingly aware of the economic, environmental, and societal benefits of taking a lead role in U.S. implementation of renewable energy, particularly distributed photovoltaic (PV) installations. Recently, solar energy's cost premium has declined as a result of technology improvements and an increase in the cost of traditional energy generation. At the same time, a nationwide public policy focus on carbon-free, renewable energy has created a wide range of financial incentives to lower the costs of deploying PV even further. These changes have led to exponential increases in the availability of capital for solar projects, and tremendous creativity in the development of third-party ownership structures.
    Publisher NREL
    Date May 2008
    URL http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy08osti/43115.pdf
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 13:11:31 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 13:11:31 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 13:56:27 2009

    Tags:

    • Aaron

    Notes:

    • <ul> <li>"A number of revenue streams, incentives, and financial structures can be utilized by state and municipal governments who want to support solar projects"</li> <li>For state and local governments, several methods of financing the <br />production of these goods are available, including systems benefit charge (SBC) funds, issuance of energy bonds, clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) approved by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), and federal renewable energy production incentives (REPI). Additionally, private <br />sector financiers are able to take advantage of another set of incentives,which include the federal investment tax credit (ITC) and accelerated depreciation under the federal Modified Accelerated <br />Cost Recovery System (MACRS). Finally, there may be additional state, local, or utility incentives available to further reduce the installed costs of PV</li> <li>State and local governments can reduce electricity bills by <br />producing electricity on-site with a solar PV system. However, the savings are not currently enough to justify deployment solely based on these savings, even over a 20-year payback period.</li> </ul>

    Attachments

    • 43115.pdf
  • Stabilising energy-related greenhouse gas emissions: Making

    Type Journal Article
    Author Georg Caspary
    Author Meredydd Evans
    Author Lucie Buxtorf
    Publication Renewable Energy
    Volume 32
    Issue 5
    Pages 713 - 726
    Date 2007
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2006.03.013
    ISSN 0960-1481
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V4S-4K8S5NK-1/2/b9570d98f5e379aa5020dd550a636793
    Date Added Sun May 10 15:30:44 2009
    Modified Sun May 10 15:30:44 2009

    Tags:

    • Clean
    • energy
  • Stabilization Wedges: Solving the Climate Problem for the Next 50 Years with Current Technologies

    Type Journal Article
    Author S. Pacala
    Author R. Socolow
    Abstract Humanity already possesses the fundamental scientific, technical, and industrial know-how to solve the carbon and climate problem for the next half-century. A portfolio of technologies now exists to meet the world's energy needs over the next 50 years and limit atmospheric CO2 to a trajectory that avoids a doubling of the preindustrial concentration. Every element in this portfolio has passed beyond the laboratory bench and demonstration project; many are already implemented somewhere at full industrial scale. Although no element is a credible candidate for doing the entire job (or even half the job) by itself, the portfolio as a whole is large enough that not every element has to be used.
    Publication Science
    Volume 305
    Issue 5686
    Pages 968-972
    Date August 13, 2004
    DOI 10.1126/science.1100103
    Short Title Stabilization Wedges
    URL http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/305/5686/968
    Accessed Mon May 18 15:12:29 2009
    Repository HighWire
    Date Added Mon May 18 15:12:29 2009
    Modified Mon May 18 15:12:29 2009

    Attachments

    • HighWire Snapshot
  • Stabilization Wedges: Solving the Climate Problem for the Next 50 Years with Current Technologies

    Type Journal Article
    Author S. Pacala
    Author R. Socolow
    Abstract Humanity already possesses the fundamental scientific, technical, and industrial know-how to solve the carbon and climate problem for the next half-century. A portfolio of technologies now exists to meet the world's energy needs over the next 50 years and limit atmospheric CO2 to a trajectory that avoids a doubling of the preindustrial concentration. Every element in this portfolio has passed beyond the laboratory bench and demonstration project; many are already implemented somewhere at full industrial scale. Although no element is a credible candidate for doing the entire job (or even half the job) by itself, the portfolio as a whole is large enough that not every element has to be used.
    Publication Science
    Volume 305
    Issue 5686
    Pages 968-972
    Date August 13, 2004
    DOI 10.1126/science.1100103
    Short Title Stabilization Wedges
    URL http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/305/5686/968
    Accessed Mon May 18 15:12:50 2009
    Repository HighWire
    Date Added Mon May 18 15:12:50 2009
    Modified Mon May 18 15:12:50 2009

    Attachments

    • HighWire Snapshot
  • State and Local Energy Efficiency Programs | Business.gov

    Type Web Page
    Date 2009
    URL http://www.business.gov/expand/green-business/energy-efficiency/state-local/
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 21:35:14 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 21:35:14 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 21:35:19 2009

    Attachments

    • State and Local Energy Efficiency Programs | Business.gov
  • State Energy Alternatives: Tax Incentives

    Type Web Page
    Date 2009
    URL http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/states/alternatives/tax_incentives.cfm
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 21:36:06 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 21:36:06 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 21:36:10 2009

    Attachments

    • State Energy Alternatives: Tax Incentives
  • Sustainable construction

    Type Book
    Author Charles J. Kibert
    Contributor Charles J. Kibert
    Date 2007
    # of Pages 407
    ISBN 0470114215, 9780470114216
    Repository Google Books
    Date Added Sat May 16 15:12:35 2009
    Modified Sat May 16 15:12:35 2009
  • The Cities for Climate Protection Campaign (CCPC) and the framing of Local Climate Policy

    Type Journal Article
    Author Gard Lindseth
    Publication Local Environment
    Volume 9
    Issue 4
    Pages 325-336
    Date 2004
    ISSN 1354-9839
    URL http://www.informaworld.com/10.1080/1354983042000246252
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 12:26:40 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 12:26:40 2009

    Attachments

    • 1354983042000246252
  • The economic viability of commercial wind plants in Greece A complete sensitivity analysis

    Type Journal Article
    Author J. K. Kaldellis
    Author Th. J. Gavras
    Publication Energy Policy
    Volume 28
    Issue 8
    Pages 509 - 517
    Date 2000
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/S0301-4215(00)00039-2
    ISSN 0301-4215
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V2W-40962RW-2/2/e8b12a8285a3bfb92a405112e84d19a7
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 01:11:44 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 01:11:44 2009

    Tags:

    • analysis
    • Sensitivity
  • The economics of wind energy

    Type Journal Article
    Author Mar�a Isabel Blanco
    Publication Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
    Volume 13
    Issue 6-7
    Pages 1372 - 1382
    Date 2009
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2008.09.004
    ISSN 1364-0321
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VMY-4TMC2CG-1/2/0e6bb15ebce0038455613482d7d90a72
    Date Added Mon Apr 20 14:35:31 2009
    Modified Mon Apr 20 14:35:31 2009

    Tags:

    • analysis
    • Cost-benefit
  • The geography of metropolitan carbon footprints

    Type Journal Article
    Author Marilyn A
    Author Frank
    Author Andrea
    Abstract The world's metropolitan carbon footprints have distinct geographies that are not well understood or recognized in debates about climate change, partly because data on greenhouse gas emissions is so inadequate. This article describes the results of the most comprehensive assessment of carbon footprints for major American metropolitan areas available to date, focusing on residential and transportation carbon emissions for the largest 100 metropolitan areas in the United States. These findings are put into the context of efforts across the country and the globe to characterize carbon impacts and policy linkages. Much of the material in this article is adapted from a report titled Shrinking the Carbon Footprint of Metropolitan America that was funded by the Brookings Institution's Metropolitan Policy Program and published in May 2008.
    Publication Policy and Society
    Volume 27
    Issue 4
    Pages 285-304
    Date March 2009
    DOI 10.1016/j.polsoc.2009.01.001
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?
    _ob=ArticleURL&…
    Accessed Sun May 17 18:45:08 2009
    Repository ScienceDirect
    Date Added Sun May 17 18:45:08 2009
    Modified Sun May 17 18:45:08 2009

    Attachments

    • ScienceDirect Snapshot
  • The Planning Report - Rick Cole: AB 32 Goals Achievable Through Smart Growth, Regional Collaboration

    Type Web Page
    Author Rick Cole
    Abstract Rick Cole highlights the work that Ventura has done regarding their "green initiatives". He rightfully points out that often, the communities that first take action are those with universities attached to them: Davis, Berkeley, and Santa Cruz for instance.
    URL http://www.planningreport.com/tpr/?
    story_id=1302&…
    Accessed Mon Jun 29 15:08:29 2009
    Date Added Mon Jun 29 15:08:29 2009
    Modified Mon Jun 29 15:15:11 2009

    Attachments

    • The Planning Report - Rick Cole: AB 32 Goals Achievable Through Smart Growth, Regional Collaboration
  • The Tragedy of the Commons

    Type Journal Article
    Author Garrett Hardin
    Publication Science
    Volume 162
    Issue 3859
    Pages 1243-1248
    Date December 13, 1968
    URL http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/162/3859/1243
    Accessed Mon May 18 14:03:08 2009
    Date Added Mon May 18 14:03:08 2009
    Modified Mon May 18 14:05:49 2009

    Attachments

    • HighWire Snapshot
  • Travelocity Travel: Cheap Airfare, Hotels, Flights, Vacations, Cruises & Car Rentals

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.travelocity.com/
    Accessed Mon Jun 1 18:05:16 2009
    Date Added Mon Jun 1 18:05:16 2009
    Modified Mon Jun 1 18:05:16 2009
  • UC-eLinks - Every Citizen a Carbon Trader?

    Type Web Page
    URL http://p8888-ucelinks.cdlib.org.proxy.library.ucsb.edu:2048/sfx_local?
    sid=CSA:envclust-set-c&…
    Accessed Sun May 10 15:18:41 2009
    Date Added Sun May 10 15:18:41 2009
    Modified Sun May 10 15:18:41 2009

    Attachments

    • UC-eLinks - Every Citizen a Carbon Trader?
  • United states policy for mitigating global climate change

    Type Journal Article
    Author Perry Bergman
    Author Robert Kane
    Author Judith Kildow
    Publication Waste Management
    Volume 17
    Issue 5-6
    Pages 309 - 314
    Date 1998
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/S0956-053X(97)10044-7
    ISSN 0956-053X
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VFR-3T2P464-9/2/348c923fd3303d0d1beef8b19c650b6c
    Date Added Sun May 10 15:52:36 2009
    Modified Sun May 10 15:52:36 2009
  • Using energy scenarios to explore alternative energy pathways in California

    Type Journal Article
    Author Rebecca Ghanadan
    Author Jonathan G. Koomey
    Publication Energy Policy
    Volume 33
    Issue 9
    Pages 1117 - 1142
    Date 2005
    DOI DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2003.11.011
    ISSN 0301-4215
    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V2W-4BT8GBX-1/2/5f656adf160215e15fa588d3a3a68cd6
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 12:19:25 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 12:19:25 2009

    Tags:

    • energy
    • forecasting
  • Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards | Pew Center on Global Climate Change: The Pew Center on Global Climate Change

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.pewclimate.org/what_s_being_done/in_the_states/vehicle_ghg_standard.cfm
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 13:19:58 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 13:19:58 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 13:19:58 2009

    Attachments

    • Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards | Pew Center on Global Climate Change: The Pew Center on Global Climate Change
  • v14_n1_engel.pdf (application/pdf Object)

    Type Attachment
    Accessed Wed Apr 29 12:26:54 2009
    URL http://www1.law.nyu.edu/journals/envtllaw/issues/vol14/1/v14_n1_engel.pdf
    Date Added Wed Apr 29 12:26:54 2009
    Modified Wed Apr 29 12:26:54 2009
  • Wind Power News - The New York Times

    Type Newspaper Article
    Author Kate Galbraith
    Publication New York Times
    Edition Online
    Date 19 February 2009
    Section Energy & Environment
    URL http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/energy-environment/wind-power/index.html
    Accessed Thu Apr 30 12:33:01 2009
    Date Added Thu Apr 30 12:33:01 2009
    Modified Thu Apr 30 12:34:46 2009